Rules and usage of prepositions in English

In: How to

English grammar is a hard nut to crack. Nobody says it would be easy to learn it. But you can always rely on professional help. We have already attempted to study Most Important Grammar Rules and learned some information about Adverbs.  Now, it is a high time to come over to the preposition.

  • Definition:

The preposition is defined as a part of speech, which state the correlation between an object, a pronoun or a noun and other words in a sentence. As a rule, a word/ noun/ pronoun goes after the preposition is corresponds to. Or a preposition may be placed at the end of the sentence and separated from the word it refers to.

For ex., Children rushed to the window.

              It seems that he knows what she is talking about.

Unfortunately, some grammar books may consider a preposition at the end of the sentence incorrect.

  • Morphological Structure:

Due to the morphological structure, prepositions can be divided into the 4 separate groups.

  • The 1st group is Simple prepositions. To this group belongs for, at, in, on, to, etc.
  • The 2nd group is Derivative prepositions: along, below, behind, across, around etc.
  • The 3rd category is Composite prepositions. It includes because of, due to, in front of, in spite of, apart from, in accordance with, etc.
  • The 4th category is Compound prepositions: throughout, inside, within, outside, without, etc.
  • Meaning:

In order to understand what prepositions do, you should learn what they mean in relations between nouns/pronouns and other words.

Prepositions can be of time, place, direction, and express abstract relations.

For example,

  • Time (at, before, after, while, between, from, until, since, within, during, for);
  • Place (on, out, near, in, inside, between, below, at, beside, around, across, toward, beyond)
  • Direction (to, into, toward, on, between, for)
  • Manner (on, like, by, in)
  • Abstract relations (because of, by, with a view to, with, etc.). professional editors have chosen the most tricky rules of preposition usage for yoy!